Pterygium: Prevention

Prevention of Pterygium

Prevention is the best and really only current “cure.”

Research shows that adequate protection of the eyes against sunlight may reduce the rate of this disease. 

Prevention starts at a young age. Keeping kids (as young as kindergarten and primary school age) out of the sun or wearing sunglasses &/or (preferably and wide brimmed hats, helps prevent pterygium especially if there is a genetic predisposition and especially if near the equator.

Sunglasses should be worn whenever outdoors as early as possible. 

When purchasing a pair of sunglasses, ideally they are labelled with a sticker or tag that states compliance with the ANSI standard or bought from a very reputable company.

This standard gives the safety and performance requirements for lenses and frames. 

Also look for an EPF UV rating of either 9 or 10, where the lenses transmit almost no ultraviolet radiation.  When protecting the eyes from ultraviolet radiation, wrap-around and close fitting sunglasses are the most effective type. Consult your eye care professional when selecting appropriate sunglasses.

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